Streaming services enjoyed a big boost during the first years of the pandemic, with Canadians spending more time at home, but consumers may now be headed for a case of subscription fatigue.
People flocked to streaming services when stay-at-home mandates were enacted during the health crisis. According to Forrester Research, 76 per cent of U.S. adults and 69 per cent of Canadians now use at least one music- or video-streaming site or app every week.
Newer players such as Amazon, Disney, HBO, Hulu and ESPN+ have taken on pioneer Netflix in recent years, making the field increasingly crowded. And domestic services such as Crave, Sportsnet Now and TSN Direct have added to the ever-growing list of choices for Canadians.
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The variety of services is also expanding, as companies increasingly turn to subscription models for everything from fitness apps to audiobooks and food and grocery delivery. Canadian meal kit subscription services such as HelloFresh and Goodfood saw increased demand during the pandemic as consumers turned to delivery options rather than going to stores.
But the rapid growth of subscription services has prompted some to question whether the trend has gone too far. A recent note by Canada’s EQ Bank asked customers if they’d “hit subscription overload,” noting that the monthly cost of such services may not always be worth it.
Netflix recently forecast a loss of two million subscribers in the second quarter, a development that sent its stock plunging and added to concerns that consumers are becoming more sensitive to price hikes for discretionary services while coping with surging inflation. (Netflix has raised its prices six times since 2014.)
That’s forcing subscription service providers to explore other business models, such as Netflix’s plan to launch a lower-cost service with advertising.
“Free streaming with ads has been a faster-growing media segment for the past couple years,” said Robert Cantwell, portfolio manager at Upholdings Investments in Nashville. “There are likely too many subscription services today and not enough free streamers with ads. So you’ll see the whole industry open up its business model to both options.”
A study commissioned by Rogers Sports & Media and Tubi last year found that about 37 per cent of Canadians who pay for streaming content have three or more services – “however, at that third service mark, streamers hit subscription fatigue, and are more likely to supplement their viewing by streaming for free with ad-supported platforms.”
Against the backdrop of high inflation, people may restrict their discretionary spending. “When the prices of essentials such as groceries and gas are going up rapidly … these subscription services are vulnerable because they’re not exactly essential,” said Shane Obata, portfolio manager and executive director of investments at Middlefield Capital Corporation.
Still, video-streaming services will continue to benefit from the decline of traditional pay TV services such as cable, Mr. Obata noted. The U.S. has 69 million households subscribing to pay TV, but that’s expected to decrease to roughly 57 million by 2026. Similarly in Canada, the total number of pay TV households is expected to fall to about 7.4 million by 2023 from about 7.9 million now.
Mr. Obata said streaming will only benefit from this trend over time. “Subscriber numbers should also continue to grow as demographics change, with younger generations more likely to sign up.”
And despite Netflix’s sudden loss of subscribers, there doesn’t appear to be a general rush away from subscriptions. A recent Nielsen survey found that 46 per cent of respondents felt overwhelmed by the increasing number of streaming platforms, but 93 per cent planned to keep their subscriptions or add more in the coming year.
In the past two years, subscriptions have become a large share of consumer spending. A 2021 West Monroe survey found the monthly spend for U.S. consumers, including cellphone services, was US$273, up from US$237 in 2018. That’s roughly 5.1 per cent of household expenditures. The survey also found that people are less aware of their actual expenses for subscription services.
Laurie Campbell, the director of client financial wellness at debt relief firm Bromwich & Smith Inc., says Canadians in financial difficulty are forced to examine their subscription needs after realizing that such automated spending can throw them off their budget. Consumers often sign up for multiple services and then don’t use them, forget to unsubscribe, dismiss price hikes and fine print, and become inattentive to autorenewal features.
Ms. Campbell works with clients of all ages and says younger people are “more tech savvy but sometimes not budget savvy.” Kathryn Mandelcorn, a cash flow strategist at financial planning firm Spring Plans, advises consumers to look at their fixed expenses at least twice a year.
“If you got $100 a month going to streaming services and only using half, that’s $600 a year. Where else could that money be allocated in your life? We’re so ready to subscribe to these services, but do we do the same for ourselves and implement a monthly savings plan?”